Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the skin. Skin cancer arises from the skin. It is well known that the cancer is the aftermath of a tumor which loses its control over the growth. The uncontrollable growth of the tumor which may strike anywhere in the body. This also may be on the skin. The skin cancer is the most common type cancer that is located in a lot of places. most of the cases tend to be dealing with the basal cell cancer and the squamous cell cancer.
There are three main types of skin cancer
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC),
Non-melanoma skin cancers, and melanoma. There are other rare skin cancers, such as those that start in the sweat glands and hair follicles.
The main cause of skin cancer is exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The sun produces UV radiation, but it can also come from other sources, such as solarium tanning machines.
Most parts of Australia have high levels of UV radiation all year round.
This radiation cannot be seen or felt, but can cause:
2) Skin and eye damage
3) Premature ageing of the skin
4) Damage to the skin cells, which leads to skin cancer.
Skin cancer is related to two factors: a person’s total lifetime exposure to UV radiation and the pattern of exposure they have had. Research suggests that while skin cells are often damaged in childhood, it may be sun exposure in adulthood that triggers these damaged cells to turn cancerous. .
The symptoms of the skin cancer vary according the type of skin cancer it is. The normal basal cell carcinoma is can be recognized by the following symptoms:
- A sore which is bleeding continuoues and remains open for a long while
- A reddish or patch marked area which does not pain, but itches and crusts.
- A bump on the skin which is pink, red or white in color
- A scar with poorly defined border and colored white or yellow
- A growth on the skin, which is wart-like
- A red patch that tends to bleed
- A rough surfaced elevated growth
The skin cancer is one of the easily treated cancers and there is also less dying average of people suffering from skin cancer. But the fact is that, however minimal it may appear, it still is a cancer and India offers finest and best treatment for Skin Cancer. So, taking care of it counts. Some of the treatment methods are detailed out below:
Surgery is the most common way to treat a cancer. This is the way in which the whole affected area gets excluded in the process of surgery. In this process the oncologists also remove some of the healthy tissues in the process that is called margin. There are some distinguished or the different types of methods involve the surgery method for the different kinds of cancers.
This may also be termed as the chemotherapy. This is used only in the case of the precancerous cells of for the cancerous ones which are located in the outer layer of the skin. This chemotherapy is used as a cream or lotion to stop the cells from growing any far and thus gets damaged in the process.
This is a common procedure for the treatment of the skin cancers. In this the skin lesion is removed with the help of a crate. This tool is spoon shaped and sharp. Then electrodessication is applied to the area. This is the procedure in which a current passes through the cells to stop bleeding and to destroy the cancer cells that might have left behind in the curettage process.
This is usually used or the cells which are precancerous. In this way, the liquid nitrogen is used for the purpose of freezing the place and then the skin blister away. This leaves a pale scar.
This is also one of the main ways to treat cancer in the best method. This is way that is called radiotherapy or the radiation therapy. There are the two types of the radiotherapy, the internal one and the external one. In the matter of the skin cancer, many oncologists prefer to use the external radiotherapy. In this process, the radiation is directed from the outer source to the affected area.
After the removal of a big tumor, surgeons often use skin parts of the other parts to get the wound closed.